How Single Motherhood Hurts Kids

By on September 27, 2020

first_imgNew York Times 8 February 2014The last few weeks have brought an unusual convergence of voices from both the center and the left about a topic that is typically part of conservative rhetorical territory: poverty and single-parent families. Just as some conservatives have started talking seriously about rising inequality and stagnant incomes, some liberals have finally begun to admit that our stubbornly high rates of poverty and social and economic immobility are closely entwined with the rise of single motherhood.But that’s where agreement ends. Consistent with its belief in self-sufficiency, the right wants to see more married-couple families. For the left, widespread single motherhood is a fact of modern life that has to be met with vigorously expanded government support. Liberals point out, correctly, that poverty rates for single-parent households are lower in most other advanced economies, where the welfare state is more generous.That argument ignores a troubling truth: Single-parent families are not the same in the United States as elsewhere. Simply put, unmarried parents here are more likely to enter into parenthood in ways guaranteed to create turmoil in their children’s lives. The typical American single mother is younger than her counterpart in other developed nations. She is also more likely to live in a community where single motherhood is the norm rather than an alternative life choice.The sociologist Kathryn Edin has shown that unlike their more educated peers, these younger, low-income women tend to stop using contraception several weeks or months after starting a sexual relationship. The pregnancy — not lasting affection and mutual decision-making — that often follows is the impetus for announcing that they are a couple. Unsurprisingly, by the time the thrill of sleepless nights and colicky days has worn off, two relative strangers who have drifted into becoming parents together notice they’re just not that into each other. Hence, the high breakup rates among low-income couples: Only a third of unmarried parents are still together by the time their children reach age 5.http://opinionator.blogs.nytimes.com/2014/02/08/how-single-motherhood-hurts-kids/?_php=true&_type=blogs&_php=true&_type=blogs&hp&rref=opinion&_r=1last_img read more

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China baby gene editing claim ‘dubious’

By on September 26, 2020

first_img Share Sharing is caring! Share Tweet 338 Views   no discussionscenter_img Share (BBC)Significant doubts have emerged about claims from a Chinese scientist that he has helped make the world’s first genetically edited babies.Prof He Jiankui says the twin girls, born a few weeks ago, had their DNA altered as embryos to prevent them from contracting HIV.His claims, filmed by Associated Press, are unverified and have sparked outrage from other scientists, who have called the idea monstrous.Such work is banned in most countries.Gene editing could potentially help avoid heritable diseases by deleting or changing troublesome coding in embryos.But experts worry meddling with the genome of an embryo could cause harm not only to the individual but also future generations that inherit these same changes.And many countries, including the UK, have laws that prevent the use of genome editing in embryos for assisted reproduction in humans.Scientists can do gene editing research on discarded IVF embryos, as long as they are destroyed immediately afterwards and not used to make a baby.‘Designer babies’But Prof He, who was educated at Stanford in the US and works from a lab in the southern Chinese city of Shenzhen, says he used gene-editing tools to make two twin baby girls, known as “Lulu” and “Nana”.In a video, he claims to have eliminated a gene called CCR5 to make the girls resistant to HIV should they ever come into contact with the virus.He says his work is about creating children who would not suffer from diseases, rather than making designer babies with bespoke eye colour or a high IQ.“I understand my work will be controversial – but I believe families need this technology and I’m willing to take the criticism for them,” he says in the video.However, several organisations, including a hospital, linked to the claim have denied any involvement.The Southern University of Science and Technology in Shenzhen said it had been unaware of the research project and will now launch an investigation.And other scientists say if the reports are true, Prof He has gone too far, experimenting on healthy embryos without justification.Prof Robert Winston, Emeritus Professor of Fertility Studies and Professor of Science and Society at Imperial College London, said: “If this is a false report, it is scientific misconduct and deeply irresponsible.“If true, it is still scientific misconduct.”Dr Dusko Ilic, an expert in stem cell science at King’s College London, said: “If this can be called ethical, then their perception of ethics is very different to the rest of the world’s.”He argues that HIV is highly treatable and that if the infection is kept under control with drugs, then there is almost no risk of the parents passing it on to the baby anyway.Prof Julian Savulescu, an expert in ethics at the University of Oxford, said: “If true, this experiment is monstrous. The embryos were healthy – no known diseases.“Gene editing itself is experimental and is still associated with off-target mutations, capable of causing genetic problems early and later in life, including the development of cancer.“This experiment exposes healthy normal children to risks of gene editing for no real necessary benefit.”Scientists say baby gene editing may one day be justifiable, but that more checks and measures are needed before allowing it.Dr Yalda Jamshidi, an expert in human genetics at St George’s, University of London, said: “We know very little about the long term effects, and most people would agree that experimentation on humans for an avoidable condition just to improve our knowledge is morally and ethically unacceptable.“Whether the results stand up to scrutiny or not we need as a society to think hard and fast about when and where we are willing to take the risks that come with any new therapeutic treatment, particularly ones that could affect future generations.” HealthInternationalLifestylePrint China baby gene editing claim ‘dubious’ by: – November 26, 2018last_img read more

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City of Alpena to hold Dial-A-Ride informational millage meeting

By on August 28, 2020

first_imgAddThis Sharing ButtonsShare to FacebookFacebookShare to TwitterTwitterShare to MoreAddThisALPENA, Mich — A public information meeting will be held October 29 to answer questions about the city’s Dial–A–Ride millage request.The city is requesting tax payers renew the millage for a four–year period, increasing the rate from 0.65 mil to 1 mil. Residents can receive information about the Dial-A-Ride service at the meeting, including history of the millage, usage of funds, and the reasons for the request. The public is encouraged to come with questions. The meeting will be this Tuesday, October 29 at 6:30 p.m. in the city hall council chambers.AddThis Sharing ButtonsShare to FacebookFacebookShare to TwitterTwitterShare to MoreAddThis Tags: alpena, City, Dial-A-Ride, Millage, tax, tax payersContinue ReadingPrevious League of Women Voters hosts forum to hear from potential city council membersNext Trick or Treat through the Shipwreck Century!last_img read more

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58 Obtain Technical Degrees from Dujar College

By on January 14, 2020

first_imgThe Liberia Dujar Technical College on Tuesday, graduated 58 students in various disciplines. The graduates, who earned Associate of Applied Science degrees, had studied over a three-year period. Of the number, 43 were females, and 15 males.According to the academic statistic, 47 of the graduates obtained Associate degrees in Nursing Science (ANSc); five in Applied Science (AASc) degrees in Agriculture, two in Civil and Mechanical Engineering and three in Electrical Engineering.Tuesday’s commencement marked the second since the National Commission on Higher Education accredited the college as a degree granting institution. Montserrado County District #12 Representative, Richmond Anderson, told the graduates to use their education to contribute meaningfully to the overall development of the country.Rep. Anderson challenged each of them to consider themselves as “ambassadors, or technical gladiators.”“Do not shelve your technical and vocational knowledge, because the skills are more needed in the rebuilding of Liberia than the conventional skills like accounting, politics, sociology, etc.,” he added.Anderson urged the college’s management to write the House and Senate Committees on Ways, Means and Finance requesting for financial subsidy.He said a copy of the letter should be addressed to him so that he will use it to lobby his colleagues to include the college in the next fiscal year. He spoke on the theme, “The Need for Capacity Building for the Enhancement of National Recovery and Reconstruction in Postwar Liberia.”The college and Dujar High School were birthed by the Liberia Dujar Association, a non-profit organization headed by Mrs. Lois B. Hemgren, a Liberian who married a Swedish national.Since 2005, the high school has graduated over 1,000 students, while the college graduated 23 students when it hosted its first commencement convocation.Share this:Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)last_img read more

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