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Small gardens

By on January 17, 2021

first_imgOften people with limited or no acreage forgo planting a vegetable garden. This need not be the case, since many vegetable varieties can be planted in small spaces. Using proper cultural practices can also reduce the amount of space you need to grow your own vegetables.Tomatoes top of the list of Southerners’ favorite fruits, even though they are often referred to as vegetables. Many people think they need a lot of space to grow tomatoes. Certain types of tomatoes don’t need much space to grow. Often, size differences in tomato plants are distinguished by two terms: indeterminate and determinate.Indeterminate tomatoes grow and set flowers and fruit throughout the growing season. Determinate tomatoes grow to a certain size before they produce flowers and fruit. Strongly determinate tomatoes are often called patio tomatoes because they can grow in a pot on a patio or terrace. Some of these varieties will only grow 1 to 2 feet tall.Buy compact varietiesWatermelon and cantaloupe usually require a lot of space to grow. The vining nature of these plants will quickly cover precious garden real estate. Fortunately, both are available in “dwarf” varieties. These varieties require less room to grow so are perfect for small garden plots. Often these dwarf varieties are called bush or short internode types. The vines of these varieties don’t elongate like typical watermelon or cantaloupe varieties. With proper care and water, they will produce fruit the same size as standard or long internode types in a smaller amount of space.Beans and southern peas are also available in varieties that are bush types rather than vining types. They require less space and offer excellent yields.Grow plants up, not overWhen planting in a small space, another alternative for vining crops like cantaloupe and cucumber is to grow vertically. These vining crops can be trained on a trellis or wire frame. Use a cloth or net sling to support fruit on these plants. Cantaloupe, particularly, will slip from the vine when ripe and may be damaged if they are not supported while growing on a trellis.Of course, many vegetables can grow in small spaces without resorting to planting special varieties or using special cultural practices. These include lettuce, mustard, onions, radish and spinach. Any leaf vegetables, such as collards and kale, can also be grown in small spaces. The immature leaves are harvested before the plants become very large.For more tips on growing vegetable gardens in small spaces, call your local University of Georgia Cooperative Extension office at 1-800-ASK-UGA1.last_img read more

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Ramayya resigns as Region 6 REO

By on January 12, 2020

first_img… 3 candidates shortlisted for position By Vahnu ManickchandAfter months of finding himself constantly buried in controversies, the embattled Regional Executive Officer (REO) of Region Six (East Berbice-Corentyne), Dr Veerasammy Ramayya, has resigned from the post.Ramayya tendered his resignation on August 10 to Communities Minister Ronald Bulkan, giving notice up to September 15, according to a statement from the Ministry on Tuesday.Region Six REO, Dr Veerasammy Ramayya“Consequent to his resignation, the Ministry acknowledged receipt of the notice and expressed heartfelt gratitude to Dr Ramayya for his service to the Regional Democratic Council and the people of Region Six,” the Ministry stated.Since his appointment, calls have been mounting for the embattled REO to be removed from his post over his apparent incompetence. In fact, a no-confidence motion was set against the REO last year at the Council’s statutory meeting and was passed in November with a 16:8 majority vote.Moreover, Ramayya was said to be at loggerheads with several officials within the regional administration. He was accused of poor performance and not attending the Regional Democratic Council (RDC) meetings. Additionally, the regional Councillors have complained of not being paid their travelling allowances, while contractors have been waiting on payments for months.To add fuel to the fire, the REO, back in May, imposed a limit on the amount of fuel to be issued to Regional Vice Chairman, Dennis DeRoop, who also heads the Regional Works Committee. A few weeks later, he had a standoff with the Chief Executive Officer (CEO) of the New Amsterdam Hospital, Colin Bynoe, whom he had accused of assaulting him when he visited the hospital.The situation had gotten so out of hand that even the A Partnership for National Unity’s (APNU’s) lead RDC Councillor, Samuel Fraser, was very vocal at the May statutory meeting and made no hesitation in joining calls for Ramayya to be removed from the position of REO.“The previous REO, I understand used to remain in the office in the afternoon to get his work done and even on weekends. We cannot have our administration on TV discussing politics. The President (David Granger) said that the election period is over. We need the REO to be in his office doing his work… I support all that you have been saying,” Fraser stated.More recently, Ramayya was accused of abandoning his post last month and travelling to the United States without informing the regional authorities. However the Communities Ministry had clarified that he was on leave.Ramayya had resigned from the Alliance For Change after the APNU/AFC coalition won the May 2015 General and Regional Elections and was not given any position within the new administration. However, he subsequently rescinded his resignation after he was offered the REO job in Region Six.In the meanwhile, the Communities Ministry assures the people of Region Six that no effort will be spared in ensuring the replacement REO possesses administrative skills to deliver effective leadership to the region in the provision of services.To this end, the Ministry announced that three prospective candidates have since been shortlisted and the process of selection will commence shortly. Guyana Times understands that one of the candidates being considered for the position is Deputy REO, Claude Henry, who is also the former Mayor of the New Amsterdam municipality.last_img read more

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The Misleading Numbers Behind the Global Warming Impact of Insulation

By on December 16, 2019

first_imgRELATED ARTICLESAvoiding the Global Warming Impact of InsulationCalculating the Global Warming Impact of Insulation New Blowing Agent Addresses Climate Impact of Foam InsulationInsulation to Keep Us Warm — Not Warm the Planet I’ve been reading a lot of BS lately. No, I’m not talking about blood sugar. It’s brain science that’s captured my attention: understanding how the human brain works, why we do the things we do, and what common illusions often lead us astray.What I want to talk to you about today, though, is foam insulation and global warming. But first, we have to talk about calamari.Have some calamariThis has nothing to do with any visual similarity between calamari tentacles and grey matter. Instead, let me relate a story first told on This American Life in 2013. Let’s say you go to a restaurant and order fried calamari. The server brings it and you and your friends start munching away. Well, all but one of you anyway.Your friend Kim is just sitting there, not partaking of the fried delicacy you’re all enjoying so much. Even worse, he’s grimacing while watching the rest of you eat. So you ask him what’s up … and then you wish you hadn’t. Calamari served in restaurants, he tells you, is often not calamari at all. It’s really hog rectum! Farmers package it as imitation calamari and that’s what a lot of restaurants serve now, he says.Disgusting, right? A lot of people who have heard that story, first taken mainstream on that 2013 This American Life episode, think so. The truth, however, is that there’s really no evidence to support that claim. It’s an urban legend. So will you eat calamari tonight?I’ll come back to the calamari in a bit, but first let’s look at foam insulation and global warming. I promise that everything will make sense when I’m done here.Foam insulation and global warmingLast November I was at a conference when one of the speakers showed a graph with the same data you see below. In the graph, you can see two lines way above the others. And they increase rapidly, whereas the other lines are much flatter.[Image credit: BuildingGreen]As it turns out, the quantity plotted on the vertical axis is a bad thing. That means whatever it is that’s represented by those two lines at the top must be really bad. I’ve seen these data show up over and over at conferences and in articles since 2010.The graph above comes from Alex Wilson’s article, Avoiding the Global Warming Impact of Insulation. In it he showed results from calculations of the “payback” of various types of insulation. It wasn’t financial payback, though. He wanted to know how long it would take for insulation to save enough energy to offset the global warming impact of the insulation itself.Here’s an easier way to understand it. Using insulation saves energy. (Duh!) Saving energy means power plants put less greenhouse gas into the atmosphere. But insulation takes energy to make, too. That’s the embodied energy. And some types of insulation use greenhouse gases that can escape into the atmosphere.Wilson wanted to quantify the relationship between greenhouse gases prevented and greenhouse gases emitted. You can read his article and see a summary of what they did. The graph below is perhaps the main result. It’s the same graph as above with the labels included this time. Payback is on the vertical axis, and lower is better.[Image credit: BuildingGreen]The two insulation materials he vilified were XPS (not XPF), which stands for extruded polystyrene, and ccSPF, which is closed cell spray polyurethane foam. His calculations showed they would have very long payback periods, and the more of it you used, the worse it got.“Assumptions are key in this analysis”When I first read Wilson’s article in 2010, I thought that I must have missed something. So I read it again, more thoroughly. I still didn’t see how he got from point A to point B. Even after reading the full article, I just didn’t think it held up.The main problem is they had to assume too much. With a different but reasonable set of assumptions, their results would have looked far different from what they showed. But hey, they told readers upfront that the results didn’t really mean much when they said, “Assumptions are key in this analysis.”A few months after Wilson published his article, I wrote a response titled, Don’t Forget the Science in Building Science. In it I laid out the assumptions:The manufacturers used high GWP blowing agents.The offgassing profile is uniform.The lifetime of the product is somewhere between 50 and 500 years, though the article doesn’t say what numbers they used.You can go back and read my article for more on my original criticism. The main point is that they really had only one bit of information. It was a guess because manufacturers were tight-lipped about exactly which blowing agents they were using, but it was a good guess.Blowing agents and global warmingReally, it all came down to the blowing agents used in the foam insulation materials. That’s the stuff that turns the liquid chemicals into a foam. Global warming potential (GWP) of various materials is a number that refers to carbon dioxide. For example, methane has a GWP of about 36 over a 100 year time horizon. That means it can trap 36 times more heat than the same mass of carbon dioxide.At the time Wilson wrote his article, most closed cell spray foam was probably using HFC-245fa as the blowing agent. Its GWP is about 1,000. XPS probably used HFC-134a, with a GWP of about 1400. The other foams use water or pentane as blowing agents, and they have much lower GWPs.In the calculations Wilson reported, the embodied energy of the various insulation materials had little effect on the payback. The biggest factor was the emission of high GWP blowing agents. (Again, those results were based heavily on the assumptions they chose.) That’s why the ccSPF and XPS lines were so far above the rest.The times they are a changin’, though. Honeywell has a low GWP blowing agent called Solstice. It has a GWP of less than 5. At the Spray Polyurethane Foam Alliance conference last month, I heard that at least one of the big spray foam companies (Lapolla) is using it. More are sure to follow.The calamari connectionNow, let’s wrap this up by getting back to calamari and brains. Researchers have documented that when we’re given bad information, we believe it. And when we’re told later that the information was wrong, we still believe it. How many jurors do you think really disregarded a specious comment from a defense lawyer just because the judge told them to?I haven’t had calamari since I first heard the hog rectum rumor. I’m sure many others have done likewise. Our brains hold onto the initial information, even when it’s shown to be wrong later.As I said, I’ve seen this bad information about closed cell spray foam and XPS foam board come up many times in the last six years. I’ve spoken up whenever I could to attempt to get people to understand they shouldn’t base decisions on that misleading graph.Yes, those two types of insulation probably used — and some still use — blowing agents with high global warming potentials. That’s really as far as you can go quantitatively, though. We just don’t have enough data to make the kind of pronouncement that Wilson did.The brain likes to hold onto those things that get there first. Even when they’re shown later to be wrong. Even when the one thing those products were guilty of becomes no longer true as foam manufacturers switch to low GWP blowing agents.I’m going to have some calamari this week. How about you? Allison Bailes of Decatur, Georgia, is a speaker, writer, energy consultant, RESNET-certified trainer, and the author of the Energy Vanguard Blog. Check out his in-depth course, Mastering Building Science at Heatspring Learning Institute, and follow him on Twitter at @EnergyVanguard.last_img read more

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BJP poaches Dhangar leader to take on Ajit Pawar

By on December 1, 2019

first_imgDhangar leader Gopichand Padalkar, the Vanchit Bahujan Aghadi’s (VBA) candidate from Sangli in the Lok Sabha polls, joined the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) on Monday. Chief Minister Devendra Fadnavis said the BJP could field Mr. Padalkar in the Baramati constituency against Nationalist Congress Party (NCP) leader Ajit Pawar. “Gopichand fights like a tiger. If he is ready to fight from Baramati and if you (his supporters) are ready to fight, I will recommend his name to my party for this seat,” Mr. Fadnavis said, amid loud cheers from supporters at the Garware Club in south Mumbai. Baramati Assembly is considered the bastion of the Pawar family, and in 2014, Mr. Pawar won the seat with the second largest margin in the State, of around 80,000 votes. The BJP has been claiming that it will defeat Mr. Pawar this time.Mr. Padalkar, who contested the 2014 Assembly elections as a BJP candidate, joined the Prakash Ambedkar-led VBA earlier this year. Though he could not win the Sangli Lok Sabha contest against the BJP candidate, he polled over three lakh votes. On Monday, Mr. Padalkar minced no words in attacking Mr. Pawar, though he did not name anyone. “There are people who cry after receiving just one notice,” he said, in an apparent reference to Mr. Pawar breaking down at a press conference on Saturday after resigning as MLA. The NCP leader was served a notice by the Enforcement Directorate in the alleged scam at the Maharashtra State Cooperative Bank. Mr. Padalkar said, “Before 2014, I was accused of petty thefts, including stealing mangalsutra. But I continued to fight for my Dhangar community. No one can fool the voters with emotional speeches. Spend at least one day in jail — like I did when I was thrown in prison several times by the government before 2014 — then talk about being wrongly accused.”Mr. Pawar, meanwhile, said Mr. Padalkar has every right to contest from wherever he likes. “We never underestimate our opposition. I am yet to be given a ticket by the party. But whoever the party fields will win this seat (Baramati) by a margin of more than one lakh,” he said. He said only the BJP can do justice to the demands of the Dhangar community. Dhangars have been demanding the ST status, which the BJP had promised to fulfil in its first Cabinet meeting if it came to power in 2014. But the State government is yet to make public the report prepared by the Tata Institute of Social Science on the subject, and a related case is pending in the Bombay High Court. At the same time, elected representatives from the ST category have opposed the Dhangar community’s demand. To appease both sides, the BJP-led State government announced schemes worth ₹1,000 crore for the Dhangars, prior to announcement of polls. Congress MLA joins tooAlso joining the BJP on Monday was Kashiram Pawara, Shirpur (ST) MLA of the Congress. Mr. Pawara is a close associate of senior Congress MLC and former minister Amrish Patel from Dhule district.BJP State unit president Chandrakant Patil said, “With Kashiram Pawara joining the party, I am hopeful of Amrish Patel also joining us in the coming days. We are planning to hold another such function to welcome more leaders.”last_img read more

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PSC partners with USANA

By on November 28, 2019

first_imgDon’t miss out on the latest news and information. Sports Related Videospowered by AdSparcRead Next National Coffee Research Development and Extension Center brews the 2nd National Coffee Education Congress Lacson: SEA Games fund put in foundation like ‘Napoles case’ PSC chair Butch Ramirez and Usana Philippines vice president Aurora Mandanas-Gaston (center) with (from l-r) PSI national training director Marc Edward Velasco, Josephine Medina, Usana executive Lerwin Onanad and Rubilen Amit. Photo by June NavarroThe Philippine Sports Commission has forged a partnership with the United States-based company Usana Health Sciences, Inc. that will benefit the 300 elite athletes from the national team for the next two years.PSC chair Butch Ramirez and Usana Philippines vice president Aurora Mandanas-Gaston signed a memorandum of agreement Wednesday together with Philippine Sports Institute national training director Marc Edward Velasco and Usana field development supervisor Lerwin Onanad.ADVERTISEMENT LATEST STORIES “I’m very happy that Usana partnered with us and invested in our athletes,’’ said Ramirez. “Any help and support for the national team is welcome news and shall be vital in our campaign for higher achievement on the global arena.’’Velasco said nutritional supplements will be given to Filipino athletes who played in the Olympics, Asian Games and medalists of the previous Southeast Asian Games as well as Class A, B and C priority athletes.FEATURED STORIESSPORTSSEA Games: Biñan football stadium stands out in preparedness, completionSPORTSPrivate companies step in to help SEA Games hostingSPORTSWin or don’t eat: the Philippines’ poverty-driven, world-beating pool starsBefore the government sports agency formed the teamup, Usana has already been supporting 30 national athletes, including Olympic silver medalist Hidilyn Diaz, Southeast Asian Games men’s triathlon champion Nikko Huelgas, Misagh Bahadoran of the Philippine Azkals and Amit. FEU Auditorium’s 70th year celebrated with FEU Theater Guild’s ‘The Dreamweavers’ MOST READ Church, environmentalists ask DENR to revoke ECC of Quezon province coal plant Robredo should’ve resigned as drug czar after lack of trust issue – Panelo Trump strips away truth with hunky topless photo tweet Ethel Booba on hotel’s clarification that ‘kikiam’ is ‘chicken sausage’: ‘Kung di pa pansinin, baka isipin nila ok lang’ View comments Lacson: PH lost about P161.5B tax revenue from big trading partners in 2017 PLAY LIST 03:46Lacson: PH lost about P161.5B tax revenue from big trading partners in 201702:47Palace: PH economy won’t suffer without aid from UN probe backers01:32Rescuers retrieve the body of a quake victim in Batanes02:49Robredo: True leaders perform well despite having ‘uninspiring’ boss02:42PH underwater hockey team aims to make waves in SEA Games01:44Philippines marks anniversary of massacre with calls for justice01:19Fire erupts in Barangay Tatalon in Quezon City01:07Trump talks impeachment while meeting NCAA athletes02:49World-class track facilities installed at NCC for SEA Games Barcelona says Neymar wants to leave club amid PSG rumors DILG, PNP back suspension of classes during SEA Gameslast_img read more

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Victims of the System

By on August 31, 2019

first_img“Umesh from UP was falsely accused of molestation by his neighbour aunty when in reality it was a property dispute. When the cops did not find any evidence or grounds against him, they did not probe further into the matter but then the woman went to some senior police officer and asked for action to be taken against him. Umesh felt so harassed, he committed suicide.” While the rest of us strive to achieve reforms and raising the status of women, we totally forget the ‘male’ gender. They are neglected, labelled and their problems are not taken into consideration, because how can men have problems? They have it easy, we assume. This gender antagonism has led a lot of people wrongly interpreting the cause of feminism. What’s more, male-bashing often leads to internet subcultures where critiques of feminism mix with hostility towards women. Also Read – Add new books to your shelfDeepika Bhardwaj, a male activist, has sparked a change all across India with her TedxTalks and her documentary ‘Martyrs of Marriage.’ Her cause that started as a result of a familial problem has now led to a nation level awareness programme. Her documentary features men from parts of India and their voices are given a platform to open up. Approximately, 90,000 married men committed suicide in 2016 alone – this is not an ignorable number. ‘Section 498A of the IPC deals with a non-bailable offence which applies to a husband, or relative(s) of a husband, of a woman, who is/are subjecting her to cruelty.’ Made with the right intentions to protect women from being harassed, it is being majorly misused and has become a tool in a woman’s hand as she can easily frame her husband and his family to gain anything from them. Every man convicted in this case is treated the same way by the police. Also Read – Over 2 hours screen time daily will make your kids impulsiveIf a woman is found guilty of falsely accusing her husband and his family, she has to pay a penalty of Rs10000 or Rs100 and it’s bailable. Most cases would just be closed. In majority of these cases they’ll accept the case, question the woman, and ask the man to take the case to court. If the woman is found guilty, the judge can prosecute her and initiate proceedings against the woman which is a rare case. In rape cases, we are seeing some progress. “I know of a case where a woman from Ludhiana, met a Delhi man on Facebook, just one week before her husband committed suicide. Then two weeks after her husband’s burial, she and her online ‘friend’ went to Rajasthan after she came to visit him in Delhi. What happened after that was surprising. After coming back she filed a rape case against him, claiming he drugged her. Now the man is in jail, fighting for innocence with laws that already biased against him,” said the documentarian “What these laws essentially do is they hide what’s really happening in our society. And to put the cherry on the cake, there is dowry and harassment, which is usually seen as something that happens to women and not men. These are the clothes you just throw over the real big problem, to underplay it. The truth is, marriages are falling apart, extra-marital affairs are happening so easily, people have no patience,” added Deepika.When asked if she is a feminist, she exclaimed, saying she wasn’t because she thinks the modern interpretation of the word just puts her off. She believes the women who graduate from prestigious colleges, celebrities, the ‘feminists,’ who call the shots are super bigoted and they send the wrong message to the others.”People call me a male activist but I am just a film maker, I just show the truth and make movies, I am just a story teller and know the right from wrong. If you look at me just as a human being, I am just trying to do something that I saw and thought was right,” said Deepika.On being asked about receiving any political support, she said, “All politicians are the same when it comes to these issues; they all want to play it safe. This is not anybody’s concern because it’s not on anybody’s agenda. It’s the backlash that they are afraid of. People are very skeptical when they are powerful because they don’t want to lose their position.”She did not start with a plan but now she has a lot of plans which however, don’t come with a deadline but after the screenings of her documentary, Deepika is going to work on more projects to spread the word on male harassement. Several issues in this space need to gain attention and be changed. The day she can stop even one person from being framed in a false 498 A case, she’d have done it all and can finally rest.last_img read more

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